Stress and Anxiety in Athletics By:
Most athletes are asking themselves this question at some point in their career. Arousal can help or hurt your overall performance. This psychological and physiological state affects your balance and coordination as well as your focus rhythm, decision-making speed, and muscular tension.
Most experts define arousal as a mental, emotional, and physiological state that prepares your body for action. Arousal and physical performance are strongly connected.
This state is closely related to stress, anxiety, motivation, attention and other factors that affect your mood. Too much or too little arousal will work against you. Research indicates that this state can affect your performance in various ways.
Several theories highlight the connection between arousal and sports performance: Drive Theory — According to the Drive Theory, the more arousal you experience, the higher your performance will be.
This approach also explains why beginners find it difficult to perform well under pressure. Reversal Theory — Arousal effects on sports performance are influenced by how you perceive this state.
Catastrophe Model — This theory explains the link between anxiety, arousal, and performance. If anxiety levels are high, your level of arousal will drop off suddenly. The catastrophe model takes into account both cognitive and somatic anxiety.
Anxiety direction and intensity — According to this theory, a positive interpretation of anxiety leads to better performance. Multidimensional anxiety theory — Anxiety causes poor performance, regardless of your level of arousal.
This theory is still being researched.
Individual Zones of Optimal Functioning — The optimum level of arousal that an athlete requires to perform his best depends on his individual needs. Each individual will react differently to anxiety and arousal.
Inverted U Hypothesis — Too much or too little arousal and anxiety will cause poor performance.
A medium amount of anxiety and arousal will result in optimum performance. The relationship between these two factors is influenced by activity type, level of expertise, and personality types. For example, introverted people are more likely to perform well under low arousal conditions.
Each of these theories has its own strengths and weaknesses. Most experts seem to agree that when anxiety becomes severe, performance declines even if your keep arousal at optimal levels. The most widely use approach to the relationship between anxiety, stress, and physical performance is the inverted-U hypothesis, which claims that these factors are interrelated.
However, many health experts claim that these theories are oversimplifying the relationship between performance and competitive anxiety. Additionally, different sports require different arousal levels. In a game of rugby or football, higher arousal levels will lead to increased strength, power, and aggressiveness.
On the other hand, shooting, gymnastics, and archery require lower levels of arousal.
Many athletes and teams rely on sports psychologists to help them develop the mental skills needed for reaching peak performance. Professionals use various techniques for attaining optimal arousal, such as:Fat Burning Lifting Workouts Dr Oz Garcinia Cambogia Article Who Sells Garcinia Cambogia Pure Extract Are There Side Effects With Garcinia Cambogia Garcinia Cambogia Side Effects With Topamax Those cute little " calorie" snack packs aren't the solution here!
Anxiety comes in many forms—panic attacks, anxiety attacks, phobia, and social anxiety—and the distinction between a disorder and "normal" Excessive worry Near-constant muscle tension.
Arousal, Stress & Anxiety. Arousal is general physical and psychological benjaminpohle.comy is a negative emotional state with feelings of worry, nervousness and apprehension that is associated with the activation of the benjaminpohle.com is an imbalance between that demands that someone feels and his or her feelings of capably to meet that demands - when failure of these demands has important.
If anxiety levels are high, your level of arousal will drop off suddenly. The catastrophe model takes into account both cognitive and somatic anxiety.
Anxiety direction and intensity – According to this theory, a positive interpretation of anxiety leads to .
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